Understanding Long Term Injured Reserve (LTIR) in the NHL

The world of professional sports, particularly the National Hockey League (NHL), is fascinating. Weird rules and regulations often govern the game behind the scenes. One such rule, LTIR, is both a lifeline and a puzzle for NHL teams.

In this blog, let’s embark on a journey to unravel the intricacies of LTIR, exploring what it is, how it works, and why it matters in professional ice hockey.

What does LTIR in NHL mean?

To begin our journey, let’s first understand what LTIR stands for: Long Term Injured Reserve.

“LTIR is a mechanism in the NHL designed to help teams cope with the absence of key players due to injury.”

But not just any injury will do; there are specific criteria that must be met to qualify for LTIR:

  1. A player must be expected to miss at least 10 NHL Games.
  2. The absence must span a minimum of 24 days of the NHL season.

These criteria ensure that LTIR is reserved for players facing significant and extended injury-related absences.

The Misconception of Salary Cap Removal

One of the most common misconceptions about LTIR is that it magically erases a player’s salary cap hit from a team’s books.

But that’s not quite how it works.

LTIR doesn’t make a player’s contract disappear. Instead, it allows teams to manage their salary cap despite the injury.

The LTIR Pool

So, how do teams manage their salary cap with LTIR? This is where the concept of the “LTIR Pool” comes into play.

The LTIR Pool is the amount by which a team is allowed to exceed the salary cap when they have a player on LTIR.


To calculate the LTIR Pool, we need to understand two scenarios:

Scenario 1: Team Cap Compliant on Opening Day Without LTIR

If a team is already cap compliant on opening day without needing LTIR or uses LTIR at any point during the season, the LTIR Pool is calculated as follows:

  • LTIR Pool = Cap Hit of the LTIR player – Team’s cap space when the player goes on LTIR

For example, if a player with a $4 million cap hit goes on LTIR when the team has only $100,000 of cap space, the LTIR Pool would be $3.9 million ($4 million – $0.1 million).

This means that teams often make strategic roster moves just before placing a player on LTIR to maximize this pool.

Scenario 2: Team Not Cap Compliant on Opening Day

If a team cannot be cap compliant on opening day without using LTIR, the LTIR Pool is determined by the amount the team exceeds the salary cap.

For example, if a team begins the season with a $3 million cap overage and designates a player with a $4 million cap hit for LTIR inclusion on the opening roster submission. The resulting LTIR Pool would be $3 million. This amount signifies the extent to which they surpassed the salary cap.

The Importance of Cap Space

While on LTIR, cap space is no longer accrued by the team. In other words, any portion of the LTIR Pool that remains unused cannot be saved for later use.

This introduces an added layer of complexity to roster management. Teams need to meticulously strategize and distribute their LTIR Pool over the course of the season.

The Return of the Player

What happens when the injured player is ready to return to action? Well, when a player comes off LTIR, the team must ensure that their annual cap hit for that day is under the salary cap.

This can be quite a juggling act for teams, especially if they have used up a significant portion of their LTIR Pool during the player’s absence.

Real-Life LTIR Scenarios and Strategic Maneuvers

To illustrate how LTIR works in practice, let’s explore a couple of real-life scenarios. We’ll also delve into the strategic tricks that NHL teams have employed.

Scenario 1: The Injury Shuffle

Imagine a scenario where a team has a star player with a $6 million cap hit who suffers a severe injury. The team’s current cap space is minimal, with only $500,000 available.

To maximize their LTIR Pool, the team decides to make a series of roster moves just before placing the injured player on LTIR.

They trade away a player with a $3 million cap hit and demote a rookie with a $2 million cap hit to the minors, leaving them with just enough cap space to fully utilize the LTIR Pool.

This maneuver allows them to create an LTIR Pool of $5.5 million ($6 million – $0.5 million).

Scenario 2: The Cap Compliant Opening Day

In another scenario, a team is already cap compliant on opening day without using LTIR.

However, they have a player with a $5 million cap hit who is expected to miss a significant portion of the season.

They decide to place this player on LTIR, creating an LTIR Pool of $4.9 million.

This strategic move enables the team to have more flexibility throughout the season. It allows them to potentially make trades or sign free agents without exceeding the cap.

I’ve added the image below to illustrate the advantages and critiques offered by experts regarding the LTIR rule.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, Long Term Injured Reserve (LTIR) is a vital mechanism in the NHL that helps teams navigate the complexities of the salary cap when key players are sidelined due to injuries.

It provides teams with a lifeline. And allowing them to exceed the cap within certain bounds while ensuring fairness in the league.

As fans, understanding the nuances of NHL terms like LTIR, AAV and more allows us to appreciate the complexity and strategy behind managing an NHL team.

So, the next time you hear about a player being placed on LTIR, you’ll have a clearer picture of what’s happening behind the scenes in the exciting world of professional ice hockey.

I hope you like this article. Stay connected for many more!

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